Sunday, 6 March 2016

Structure of the Luftwaffe.Part 1 - Luftflotte 1


Luftflotte 1 was formed 1st of Februry 1939 from Luftwaffengruppenkommando 1 in Berlin. This Luftwaffe detachment served in Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Immola/Finland for air support of Axis forces in area, Eastern front.

Oberbefehlshaber:         

Gen Feldm Albert Kesselring, 1.2.39 - 11.1.40




Gen Ob Hans-Jürgen Stumpff, 12.1.40 - 10.5.40



Gen Wilhelm Wimmer, 11.5.40 - 19.8.40



Gen Ob Alfred Keller, 20.8.40 - 12.6.43



Gen Ob Günther Korten, 12.6.43 - 23.8.43



Gen Kurt Pflugbeil, 24.8.43 - 16.4.45



Chef des Stabes:          

Gen Maj Wilhelm Speidel, 1.2.39 - 19.12.39



Gen Lt Ulrich Kessler, 19.12.39 - 25.4.40



Oberst Heinz-Hellmuth von Wühlisch, 1.5.40 - 9.5.40



Gen Maj Dr. Robert Knauss, 9.5.40 - 4.10.40



Gen Maj Otto Schöbel, 5.10.40 - 16.1.41



Gen Maj Heinz-Hellmuth von Wühlisch, 16.1.41 - 13.10.41



Gen Maj Herbert Rieckhoff, 13.10.41 - 23.2.43



Gen Maj Hans Detlef Herhudt von Rohden, 23.2.43 - 24.8.43



Gen Maj Klaus Siegfried Uebe, 25.8.43 - 24.12.44



Obstlt Paul-Werner Hozzel, 25.12.44 - 16.4.45




Command headquarters location:


1st February 1939 - August 1939 in Berlin

August 1939 - October 1939 in Henningsholm, near Stettin (Szczecin-present Poland)

October 1939 - May 1941 in Berlin

May 1941 - July 1941 in Norkitten, near Insterburg

July 1941 in Waldlager (Dünaburg)

July 1941 - 17th February 1944 in Ostrow

18th February 1944 - 27th September 1944 in Malpils

27th September 1944 - 3rd October 1944 in Riga-Spilve

3rd October 1944 - November 1944 in Kazdanka (also there 4.3.45)

November 1944 - February 1945 in Zara

February 1945 - 16th April 1945 in Haserpoth (Kurland) [there 1.3.45]


Operating areas for Luftflotten



Link to interactive version of the mp: LINK

1939
Luftflotte 1 North-West Germany
Luftflotte 2 North-West Germany
Luftflotte 3 West Germany
Luftflotte 4 East Germany
       1942
Luftflotte 1 Baltic and Northern Russia
Luftflotte 2 Italy, North Africa and Greece
Luftflotte 3 France, the Netherlands and Belgium
Luftflotte 4 South Russia
Luftflotte 5 Norway and Finland
Luftflotte 6 Russian front
       1944
Luftflotte 1 Baltic states
Luftflotte 2 Northern Italy
Luftflotte 3 France, the Netherlands and Belgium
Luftflotte 4 Hungary, Yugoslavia, Bulgaria and Romania
Luftflotte 5 Norway and Finland
Luftflotte 6 Eastern Front
Luftflotte Reich Reich
       1945
Luftflotte 1 Lithuania
Luftflotte 2 Northern Italy
Luftflotte 3 West Germany and the Netherlands
Luftflotte 4 Hungary and Yugoslavia
Luftflotte 5 Norway and Finland
Luftflotte 6 Eastern Front
Luftflotte Reich
Mitteldeutschland  Central Germany

Units under Command

Strategic Reconnaissance

Stab/FAGr 1 (Riga–Spilve)
3.(F)/22 (Riga–Spilve)
5.(F)/122 (Mitau)
NASt 3 (Riga–Spilve)

Maritime Reconnaissance

1./SAGr 127 (Reval–Ülemiste)

Transports

1./TGr 10(Ital.) (Riga–Spilve)


Transports (special works)

This unit was branch of KG 200 with bases in East Prussia, Kurland and Baltic areas, stay equipped with:
Junkers Ju 252A-1
Junkers Ju 352A-0/A-1 Herkules
Arado Ar 232B-0 Tausendfüßler for transport special commandos, weapons, vehicles or dropping by parachute secret agents in clandestine missions behind enemy lines.
I.(TGr.)/KG 200 (Riga)

Bombers

14.(Eis)/KG 55 (Jakobstadt)

3.Fliegerdivision (3°Air Division) Petseri


Tactical Reconnaissance
Stab//NAGr 5 (Petseri)
1./NAGr 5 (Idriza)
1./NAGr 31 (Wesemberg)

Land Air Strike
I/SG 3 (Jakobstadt)

Night land strike
Stab/NSGr 1 (Idriza)
3./NSGr 1 (Idriza)
1./NSGr 1 (Kaunas)
2./NSGr 1 (Kaunas)
Stab/NSGr 3 (Vecuci)
1./NSGr 3 (Vecuci)
2./NSGr 3 (Vecuci)
1./NSGr 12 (Vecuci)
1./(Detach)NSGr 12(Riga–Spilve)
Stab/NSGr 11(Rahkla)
1./NSGr 11 (Rahkla)
2./NSGr 11 (Rahkla)
2./NSG 12 (Libau)

Fighters
Stab/JG 54 (Dorpat)
I./JG 54 (Turku)(Finland)
2./JG 54 (Reval–Laksberg)
3./JG 54 (Reval–Laksberg)

Gefechtsverband Kuhlmey (Kuhlmey Combat Unit) Immola

Tactical Reconnaissance
1./NAGr 5 (Immola)

Fighters
II./JG 54 (Immola)

Land Air Strike
Stab/SG 3 (Immola)
1./SG 3 (Immola)
2./SG 3 (Immola)
3./SG 3 (Immola)