Saturday, 13 February 2016

A few words in defense of the German Moskito. Focke-Wulf Ta154 Moskito

de Havilland Mosquito DH.98
Some time ago, Kris Hendrix was "killed" me  in a challenge to the arguments in the dispute comparing German Moskito  vs  de Havilland Mosquito. In reference to this conversation, I would like to specify in the text that some information on the support of my claims.
Focke-Wulf Ta154 Moskito



Beginning.

At the beginning I made a mistake, expressed their opinions on the comparable value of the two machines in the mode accomplice. however my whole argument is, and was based,  about the circumstances surrounding the creation and implementation of these two machines. Because of these circumstances are crucial. In my opinion, and I will be the holding, Focke-Wulf Ta154 Moskito must still be considered as a project, while the de Havilland Mosquito DH.98 aircraft as complete.
de Havilland Comet Racer - the ancestor of de Havilland Mosquito
We should remember that mosquito wasn't created from scratch as a new machine. his ancestor was a great de Havilland Comet Racer. Was a very popular aircraft in the thirties,  used mainly in shows and races.
The whole experience of the construction and operation of comet racer then used to create the Mosquito. This small detail seemingly may be decsive. DH.98 engineers have time measures and entirely different circumstances, to work on creating such a good and universal machine which became a Mosquito. A simple comparison dates, beginning of the life of the German Ta154 and British DH.98, shows a fundamental difference. And the fundamental differences accounted circumstances.

                                             DH.98                                                     Ta154

First flight            25 November 1940                                       1 July 1943
Introduction            15 November 1941

G-ACSP at Mildenhall
In July 1943 the German offensive was countered by two Soviet counter-offensives, Operation Polkovodets Rumyantsev  and Operation Kutuzov for the Nazis, the battle represented the final strategic offensive they were able to mount in the Eastern Front. For the Soviets, the victory gave the Red Army the strategic initiative for the rest of the war. From moment when Nazi start to loose the position moving forward army everything start looks different and harder. The command decisions increasingly irrational. Both of planes were made of wood and needed extraordinary accuracy and attention during production process. Brits have a lot more opportunities to realize this production within two years earlier.
We should remember too, that the in III Reich was a man who was as oracle. One his word could destroyed of effort all construction offices  and could spoil the best design. Hitler obsession was a bomb dropping mode for nearly every aircraft. This minor detail, changed radically possibilities they had the authors of the project. Hitler dreamed of a fast diva bomber. finally, designers from the office of Kurt Tank, don't have a chance to take care of designing a machine that opposes precisely de Haviland Mosquito.

Backround

With the collapse of the eastern front, burst like a soap bubble, dreams of unlimited access to raw materials. And thus, decreasing the mobility of the Army in the long term, to falling ability production of armaments industry, taking into account Allied raids on industrial centers. The latter, greatly influenced the timeline development of the Ta154 Moskito.
Allied air raids destroyed the glue factory, whose plants Kurt Tanka have used for gluing wooden Ta154. The British were using epoxy glue called Araldite that using a large regimen turned out to a very good option. Germany used to use phenolic glue called This Film-produced by Goldmann Wupertalu.po the effective destruction of the factory, K.Tank was forced to change the supplier's company Dunami A.G. Leverkusen. The company has developed a replacement adhesive, which ... was a failure. Betting Focke-Wulf was forced to cease declared aim slowly and forced production. As a result, Kurt Tank came before the tribunal, the chairman of himself marshal Hermann Göring. Despite the efforts of Kurt tank program Ta154 Moskito officially cleared 14 August 1944.

Eengines

Another difference between the planes were used in their production engines. If we compare what units used the de Havilland for DH.98 and what units was forced to use Kurt Tank to built Ta154, we'll find out where the result difference in performance. 
he Junkers Jumo 211
Ta154 from the beginning was condemned, not on top engines. These were to large occupancy in already produced aircraft. Office Tanka decided to use the engines Junkers. In the initial phase assembled Jumo211, that they haven't passed the exam, so they send attention to the engines Jumo213. However, in 1944, when were started folding a series of 22 pre-series aircraft, they used Jumo211N engines with increased power. In order not to burden the construction of additional assembly of coolers (Jumo211N were inline, liquid-cooled), decision was taken to put them on the front of each engine, which made them similar to Junkers engines-stellar. Jumo211 engine was used mainly in bombers, doesn't meet its tasks well in a fighters, and precisely because Kurt Tank were sentencing on this engine, Jumo 211 sealed the fate of Ta154.

Rolls-Royce Merlin
The situation with power units looked completely different in the case of the British Mosquito. 
In fact, almost from the beginning, the project DH.98 was based on the best available engines on the British market. Rolls-Royce Merlin - basically they gave the character the success of this project. Thanks to them, among other things Mosquito has become so universal plane, despite its wooden construction. This engine became a legend and was decisively  better used the possibilities than German power units in Ta154.

Specification of Junkers Ju211 series engines:
Engine modelPower in PSPower in hpPower in kWpower at rpm
A (early)1,0009867362,200
A (late)1,1001,0858092,300
B,C,D,H,G1,2001,1848832,400
F,L,M,R1,3401,3229862,600
J1,4201,4011,0442,600
N1,4501,4301,0672,700
P1,5001,4791,1032,700

Manpower

Another side of history of Moskito vs Mosquito is Nazis problem with a manpower. The demand for wooden structure aircraft, it was for the Nazis as a visit of the Spanish Inquisition - no one didn't expect it. The Germans were forced to build the entire event specialists from wood processing that would patiently construct wooden plane. It turned out a very difficult challenge during the war, when most specialists stayed on the front or been involved in activities other military formations. Marshal Hermann Goering didn't foresee all the problems when he devised a plan to overcome the British superiority in the air using the same weapon - a plane of wood. 
For examples to build one DH.98 Brits need used 50 000 screws. Could you imagine How many people have to focus the execution of one aircraft of wood, which been matched to other metal machine during the Second World War? Brits have all the resources they lacked the Germans, entangled in fighting around its own territory.

At the end we have to mention about the production of both aircraft. At the beginning of 1944 production of The 154 still has experienced problems. At the beginning of 1944 production of Ta154 still has experienced problems. Rather, we must say that the start it encountered many problems arising from the state of the Reich economy, the fact that the war was essentially lost, and the decisions taken by the leadership lacked consistency and logic.

Summary

This was the part of the story about the two mosquitoes. Basically, the result of such a comparison for me is completely reliable. de Havilland Mosquito DH.98 aircraft venous complete, finished in detail, so that he could serve as wile roles and essentially all of them were extremely good. Ta 154 Moskito was still only a project, which only a result of circumstances was sent to the production line.
Too many circumstances worked against the construction of the Nazis, so it couldn't become a project fully considered and the result of using the best resources available to designers. The Moskito had the potential to become a machine matched his wooden opponent - de Havilland Mosquito.